The Austrian debate on Turkey and the European Union has been remarkably one-sided. No other European country has been as reluctant as Austria to open the door to negotiations with Turkey. No other European social democratic party has been as clearly opposed to the opening of negotiations as the Austrian SPÖ. In no other country has the population been as hostile to Turkish EU accession as in Austria. Opposition to Turkish EU membership is not a right-wing issue, but a phenomenon of the Austrian mainstream. Exploring the reasons for this Austrian exceptionalism is one of the goals of this ESI research.
- ESI manual: Who is who in the Austrian enlargement debate? (November 2011)
- ESI report: A referendum on the unknown Turk? Anatomy of an Austrian debate (30 January 2008). Also availabel as a picture story.
- Background: Modern Austrian identity
- ESI briefing: Austria’s October Elections. Implications for the Turkey Debate (4 October 2006)
- Media reactions
Comparison: Austria and EU25*