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Debating EU enlargement – Austria

Hofburg, Vienna. Photo: Alan Grant

The Austrian debate on Turkey and the European Union has been remarkably one-sided. No other European country has been as reluctant as Austria to open the door to negotiations with Turkey. No other European social democratic party has been as clearly opposed to the opening of negotiations as the Austrian SPÖ. In no other country has the population been as hostile to Turkish EU accession as in Austria. Opposition to Turkish EU membership is not a right-wing issue, but a phenomenon of the Austrian mainstream. Exploring the reasons for this Austrian exceptionalism is one of the goals of this ESI research.

Comparison: Austria and EU25*

Comparison: Austria and EU25