This collection is as of September 2005

Political parties, Parliament, political decision-making

 

See relevant parliamentary and government decisions at www.europa.eu.int (European Union), www.austria.gv.at (Austrian government), www.bmaa.gv.at (Austrian Ministry for Foreign Affairs), and www.parlament.gv.at (Austrian parliament). The four main political parties are at www.oevp.at, www.spoe.at, www.gruene.at and www.bzoe.at. The FPÖ is at www.fpoe.at.

Seven European heads of state, including Austria's President Heinz Fischer (Social Democratic Party), pledge for a continuation of EU enlargement and adherence to the treaties in an open letter published in several European newspapers on 15 July 2005.

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Stenographic protocol of the Austrian National Council's Main Committee's debate on Turkey on 15 December 2004, immediately before the European Council summit on Turkey. No party or government coalition consensus was found. The document includes the relevant draft resolutions by the political parties ("yes" to membership negotiations by the Greens, "no" by the Social Democrats and the Freedom Party).

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People's Party Information Paper from 21 December 2004, explaining the Austrian chancellor's endorsement of the start of membership negotiations with Turkey in the European Council summit on 16 and 17 December 2005. The People's Party is the coalition leader of the Austrian government.

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The Bündnis Zukunft Österreichs (BZÖ) "Agenda for Europe" from 25 July 2005. The BZÖ leaders Jörg Haider and Hubert Gorbach ask for an enlargement stop. The BZÖ is the junior coalition partner in the current Austrian government.

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The Austrian Greens' positions and arguments in the run-up to the party leadership's vote on its position on Turkey and the EU, 20 September 2004. The vote, on 25 September 2004, resulted in a majority of the party endorsing the start of negotiations, as well as the target of membership. The Green party is currently in opposition.

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In a debate organized by the daily paper Kurier, the Austrian Green MEP, Johannes Voggenhuber, and Albert Rohan, the Rapporteur of the Independent Turkey Commission, face off on Turkey in the EU and show the two camps dividing Austria on Turkey. Note that the pro-camp is extraordinarily small in Austria.

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In the 26 September 2004 Austrian TV version of "Meet the Press", Christoph Kontanko (Kurier) and Hans Bürger (ORF) conduct a long interview on Turkey with Josef Cap. He is the social democratic faction leader in the Austrian National Council, and a key proponent of the party's hardline opposition towards Turkey's EU accession on the issue and the vision of Europe.

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Economics

 

The Austrian ministry for labor and economics is at www.bmwa.gv.at. The Austrian chamber of commerce is at www.wko.at, the industrial lobby group at www.voei.at. The Austrian Trade Union Federation is at www.oegb.at, and the workers' chamber is at www.arbeiterkammer.at.

WIIW press release from 9 December 2004, summary of a study on the Turkish economy Josef Poeschl, www.wiiw.ac.at

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WIFO monthly report from June 2004, summary of a survey among Austrian exporters by Yvonne Wolfmayr, www.wifo.ac.at

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WIFO monthly report June 2004, summary of a study on high-potential Austrian export markets by Yvonne Wolfmayr and Jan Stankovsky, www.wifo.ac.at

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Press release, "EU and Turkey – it's a two-way process" by the Bank Austria-Creditanstalt on 20 September 2005. Quoting Willi Hemetsberger of the CA Turkey operations, the press release highlights potential gains for the EU and Turkey from Turkish membership, and claims accession talks might be shorter than expected.

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Civil society/Academia

 

The Austrian Press Agency's summary of the first debate by a new dialogue platform on Austria and Turkey, 22 September 2005. The initiative, aiming to foster dialogue, and to improve the public understanding and perception on Turkey in Austria is run as a non-profit campaign by www.eup.at and www.turklook.at, two public relations agencies.

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A 1996 study by Peter Zuser, Institute for Advanced Studies (HIS) on the construction of the "foreigner question" in Austrian public discourse since 1990.

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Wiener Integrationsfonds 2002 report on migrants in Vienna, part II, facts and data. For ongoing updates, go to www.m17.magwien.gv.at

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IOM (International Organization for Migration) study, "Dimensions of Integration - Migrant Youth in Central European countries", country report Austria, focusing on 2nd generation migrant youth in Austria, including a general overview of immigration and integration. Focus countries included Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, and Poland. www.iomvienna.at

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Civil Society pro Turkey voice

Wo endet Europa? Vom Umgang der Europäischen Union mit der Türkei, a presentation on the EU's policy-making with Turkey and a debunking of conventional fears and arguments against Turkish EU membership by Heinz Nussbaumer at the Orientgesellschaft Hammer-Purgstall in Vienna, 18 December 2004

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Civil Society contra Turkey voice

OEIES/AIES (Austrian Institute for European Security Policy) working paper November 2004. A skeptic commentary on European Commission's assessment of Turkey and the Copenhagen Criteria by Erich Hochleitner, www.oeies.or.at

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The June 2004 statement on EU membership negotiations with Turkey by the "Contact Point for World Religions" of the Austrian Bishops' Conference (Catholic church). The statement argues for membership on geopolitical and religious grounds. An exclusion of Turkey would arguably reduce Muslims and Turks within the EU to second-class citizens, and might alienate Georgia and Armenia, two Christian countries bordering Turkey.

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Line-up of the OE1 Austrian public radio special focus week on Turkey from 24 September through 1 October 2005, including specials on literature, archaeology, culture, art, society, and religion. See also oe1.orf.at

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Public attitudes in Austria: polls, surveys, empirical studies

 

Austrian public opinion on EU enlargement and Turkey from 6 June 2005 (poll: 500). The results are more positive than the Eurobarometer results, with polling from May through June 2005. See www.ogm.at

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Austrian public opinion on the EU, enlargement, and Turkey from May and June 2005 (poll: 1,000). Executive summary of the Austrian national Eurobarometer 63.4 report from 5 September 2005. Full Austrian Eurobarometer report at www.europa.eu.int/comm/public_opinion

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Austrian attitudes, demands, and motives concerning the Turkish EU membership perspective. Demographic break-down, including professional groups and age groups, from May and June 2005 (poll: 1,000), release: 5 September 2005. See also www.europa.eu.int/comm/public_opinion

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A study on the corollaries and possible causalities of the reporting in the Neue Kronenzeitung and Euroskepticism (Grundlagen des Skeptizismus gegenüber der Europäischen Union und dem Euro). The study was supported by the OENB Jubiläumsfonds. See also www.oenb.at

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A January 2000 pilot study on (perceived) ethnocentrism and xenophobia in Austria among 167 foreign nationals in Austria, by the Paul Lazarsfeld Gesellschaft. See also www.plg.at

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Turkey Debate in Austria