Economic and social profiles of BiH

Economic and social profiles of BiH

There is a remarkable shortage of quality data on social and economic trends in Bosnia and Herzegovina. With no post-war census, even basic population figures are unreliable. The data produced by the country's statistical institutes does not capture the highly volatile social and economic situation. Without an accurate picture of contemporary Bosnian society, government interventions in areas such as poverty reduction or infrastructure development cannot be targeted effectively.

In recent years, there have been a number of attempts to fill this information gap. In 2002, the Bosnian statistical institutes with the support of various international organisations completed a Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS), providing socio-economic data on 5,400 households around the country. Data from the LSMS can be downloaded from the World Bank's LSMS website, or in Bosnian language on Federalni zavod za statistiku. Though its scope is limited, the LSMS remains the main source of quantitative information on social conditions in Bosnia. The data has been analysed in the World Bank's two-volume Poverty Assessment and its Labor Market in Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in the UNDP Human Development Reports 2002 and 2003. It also informs the analytical component of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (see Economic Strategies).

In this section, you can also find the IMF's 2004 Article IV Consultation Statement on macroeconomic conditions in BiH, and a detailed, anthropological study commissioned by the World Bank, Local Level Institutions and Social Capital Study, which examines social structures and institutions.

These studies represent only a beginning. There is a need for a much richer picture of post-war Bosnian society, covering areas such as the effects of de-industrialisation, living conditions among the rural population, patterns of private-sector development and the widening gap in development levels between different regions. Only Bosnians, in government and in civil society, can accomplish the detailed field research which this requires. However, the material here provides an essential starting point.

  1. Čaušević Fikret: International Support Policies to South-Eastern European Countries - Lessons (Not) Learned in BH, Chapter V - Employment and privatization
  2. BiH Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations - Office of the Coordinator for PRSP: The Second Draft of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper for BiH (PRSP), Extract: Poverty Profile for BiH
  3. Department for International Development (DfID): Employment and Labour Market and Potential for Policy Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina, October 2002
  4. Department for International Development (DfID): Employment and Labour Market and Potential for Policy Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina, October 2002
    Annexes A-D
    English  
  5. Department for International Development (DfID): Employment and Labour Market and Potential for Policy Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina, October 2002
    Annexes E-J
    English  
  6. International Monetary Fund (IMF): Country Report No. 02/191 - Bosnia and Herzegovina: Request for Stand-by Arrangement, August 2002
  7. International Monetary Fund (IMF): BiH, 2004 Article IV Consultation: Mission Concluding Statement, December 2003
  8. Stojanov, Dragoljub: International Support Policies to South-Eastern European Countries - Lessons (Not) Learned in BH, Chapter IV, Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1995: Transition and reconstruction of the economy
  9. United Nations Development Program (UNDP): Bosnia and Herzegovina, Human Development Report 2002
  10. United Nations Development Program (UNDP): BiH, Human Development Report, Millennium Development Goals 2003
  11. World Bank (WB): Bosnia and Herzegovina - Local Level Institutions and Social Capital Study, June 2002
  12. World Bank (WB): Labour Market in Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina, November 2002
    English  
  13. World Bank (WB): Labour Market in Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina, November 2002
    Executive Summary, Chapter 2, Chapter 7
  14. World Bank (WB): Bosnia and Herzegovina Poverty Assessment:
    Vol I Main Report, November 2003
    English  
  15. World Bank (WB): Bosnia and Herzegovina Poverty Assessment:
    Vol II Data on Poverty, November 2003
    English  

This Resource Kit is also available in Bosnian/Croat/Serbian.

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