21 January 2014
Paris – ESI brainstorming on measuring progress and assessing failure in EU accession
Agneza Rusi  Milica Delevic  Hedvig Morvai  Fiona McIlwham
Agneza RusiMilica Delevic – Hedvig Morvai – Fiona McIlwham

In this brainstorming at the Swedish Emabssy in Paris the discussion focused on the core practical question of how the annual progress reports can best promote reform efforts in candidate and potential candidate states. Some of the questions discussed were:

  1. Who reads the progress reports now? How are they now being used?
    How can they help reformers – inside the countries but also outside? How can they help change perceptions in such critical member states over time? How to be "strict and fair" and accessible?
    How can they set an agenda for debate as effectively as the OECD Pisa reports?
  2. How to produce and then use "roadmaps" for individual chapters that allow producing score cards of concrete annual progress?
  3. How can one improve the more general sections on political and economic criteria in the progress reports?"


  1. Milica Delevic, Deputy Secretary General, EBRD, London (former director of European Integration Office of Serbia)
  2. Agneza Rusi, Director, Directorate for EU, MFA of Macedonia, Skopje
  3. Hedwig Morvai, Executive Director, European Fund for the Balkans, Belgrade
  4. Fiona McIlwham, Cabinet of Director General Danielsson, DG Enlargement, European Commission, Brussels (former British Ambassador to Albania)
  5. Lawrence Meredith, Head of Enlargement Policy and Strategy, DG Enlargement, European Commission, Brussels
  6. Hagar Ligtvoet, Coordinator EU Enlargement and Neighbourhood Policy, MFA of the Netherlands, The Hague
  7. Onny Jalink, Senior Policy Adviser Western Balkans, MFA of the Netherlands, The Hague
  8. Johan Berglund, Deputy Director, EU Department, MFA of Sweden, Stockholm
  9. Ola Svenningsson, Deputy Director, Division of EU Enlargement, MFA of Sweden, Stockholm
  10. Gerald Knaus, Chairman, ESI, Istanbul/Paris
  11. Kristof Bender, Deputy Chairman, ESI, Vienna
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Alan Grant is an Irish photographer who travelled extensively in the Balkans and other countries and regions of the world. Thanks to him, ESI is able to show fascinating pictures of the Balkans: the facades of Tirana, the painted mosques of Travnik, the fabulous old houses of Plovdiv and the spectacular blue of water - dark in the Bay of Kotor, emerald in the river valleys of Bosnia, deep blue in Ohrid, twinkling in the Aegean Sea and on the Bosporus.

You can find out more about Alan Grant on his websites:
Jonathan Lewis lives between London and Istanbul. He moved to London and spent many years studying photography and now specialises in photojournalism, documentary photography and commercial work for a wide variety of private and commercial clients in the UK, Europe and Turkey. His work has appeared in a number of magazines and publications and is used on the ESI website as well.

You can find out more about Jonathan Lewis on his website www.jonathanlewisphoto.com