27 February 2014
New York ESI at OSF: "Defending Minimum Human Rights Standards in Europe: Why are we failing? Case studies of Turkey, Azerbaijan, the Balkans and Eastern Europe"
Ilgar Mammadov, an Azerbaijani politician, is under detention since February 2013
Ilgar Mammadov, an Azerbaijani politician, is under detention since February 2013

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© 2014 Open Society Foundations. All rights reserved.

Gerald Knaus examines the European response to serious human rights violations in Europe: political prisoners in Azerbaijan and Russia; persecution of LGBT people in Russia and Moldova; violations of due process and freedom of expression in Turkey; and violations of the right to life in numerous countries. He speaks about ways in which officials of repressive governments have been able to thwart effective Council of Europe action against them, how some measures – including visa bans and EU conditionality – have had positive impact in some situations, and how such results could be amplified.

Event Date: Thursday, February 27, 2014
Event Time: 2:00 p.m. – 3:15 p.m.
Location: Open Society Foundations, 224 West 57th Street, New York, NY 10019, Conference Room LLABC


  • Gerald Knaus is the founding Chairman and lead analyst of the European Stability Initiative, and is a Carr Center Fellow at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Governance. He has written numerous monographs on politics and human rights in the Balkans, Turkey and Eastern Europe.
  • Lenny Benardo, associate director of the Open Society Foundations and director of the Open Society Fellowship, moderates the conversation.
About us
Photo credits
Alan Grant is an Irish photographer who travelled extensively in the Balkans and other countries and regions of the world. Thanks to him, ESI is able to show fascinating pictures of the Balkans: the facades of Tirana, the painted mosques of Travnik, the fabulous old houses of Plovdiv and the spectacular blue of water - dark in the Bay of Kotor, emerald in the river valleys of Bosnia, deep blue in Ohrid, twinkling in the Aegean Sea and on the Bosporus.

You can find out more about Alan Grant on his websites:
Jonathan Lewis lives between London and Istanbul. He moved to London and spent many years studying photography and now specialises in photojournalism, documentary photography and commercial work for a wide variety of private and commercial clients in the UK, Europe and Turkey. His work has appeared in a number of magazines and publications and is used on the ESI website as well.

You can find out more about Jonathan Lewis on his website www.jonathanlewisphoto.com