women in the new parliament
Turkish women in parliament

With the elections on 22 July in Turkey, the percentage of women in parliament sprung from 4.2 % to 9.1%, from 24 women to 50. Of these 30 are from AKP, 10 from CHP, 2 from MHP and 8 are independents supported by the (pro-Kurdish) Democratic Turkey Party.

Two of these women are now deputy parliamentary speakers: Istanbul Deputy Meral Akşener (MHP) and İzmir deputy Güldal Mumcu (CHP). The only other time a woman served as deputy parliamentary speaker was 38 years ago. Being deputy parliamentary speaker involves chairing the sessions of the General Assembly that the speaker does not attend (and the speaker usually only attends the historically significant sessions) and serving as Acting President of the Republic when both the President of the Republic and the Speaker of Parliament are abroad.

For a complete list of the women in parliament according to their party and the province they represent see below. Here is a closer look at some of the faces of newly elected women in the Turkish Parliament.

Fazilet Dağcı Çığlık, Erzurum, AKP

ığlık

Çığlık is the first woman to gain a parliamentary seat (in the era of multiparty democracy) from Erzurum, a conservative province in north-east Anatolia.

Ciglik was born in a village of Erzurum. Her family migrated to Switzerland when she was 3 years old. She studied Computer Engineering at Zürich Winterthur Technical University and speaks German, English, French and Italian. Ciglik is married with one child and worked as a consultant for Swiss financial companies.

Sevahir Bayindir, Şırnak, DTP

Sevahir Bayindir

Sevahir Bayindir was born in 1969 in Bingöl, finished high school in Trabzon and graduated from the nursing college of Izmir's Aegean University. From 1991-1997 she worked in Izmir as a nurse. Between 1998-2002 she was the chairwoman of HADEP (People's Democracy Party), a forerunner of the current Kurdish party, DTP. From 2002 until today she has been active in a woman's NGOs which she founded.

This is the third time Bayindir stood for elections - in 1999 she was candidate of HADEP in Diyarbakir and in 2002 for DEHAP in Mersin. In both cases she did not make it into parliament because her party did not pass the 10 percent threshold. With her election as an independent candidate she is the first woman ever elected to parliament from Sirnak - a small province bordering both Syria and Iraq.

Guldal Mumcu, Izmir, CHP

Guldal Mumcu

Mumcu, born in Denizli, graduated from Ankara University's political science faculty. Between 1975 and 1979 she worked for the State Investment Bank as an expert for project evaluation. In 1976 she married the prominent journalist of Cumhuriyet newspaper, Ugur Mumcu who was assassinated by a bomb in his car in 1993. The motive of his murder is still unknown. After this horrific incident, Mumcu founded the Ugur Mumcu Investigative Journalism Foundation, which she is still director of. Mumcu ran on the CHP ticket from Izmir.

Canan Kalsin, Istanbul, AKP

Canan Kalsin

Kalsin was 9th on AKP's list of candidates for the 2nd electoral district of Istanbul. Many did not expect that AKP would receive enough votes for her to get a seat in the parliament. Prior to the elections, when she was questioned about whether she felt embarrassed about being so low on the list, she said if she didn't get in this time, she would try again next time, just like she did last time (in the 2002 election she was placed 17 on the list and didn't make it). This time she made it.

Dissatisfied with life working in her family's company after university, Kalsin went to the United States.  After 7 months she was homesick and returned to Turkey. Her father was active in Erbakan's Islamist Refah Party. Kalsin was drawn to the movement Erdogan and his friends embarked upon in splitting from Refah.

Kalsin started as founding Chairman of the Istanbul Women's Wing of AKP in 2001. After the 2002 elections when she didn't make it into parliament, she continued to work for the party, especially on issues such as training of women for politics, assisting women to earn money working from home, promoting volunteerism and recycling.

Adana: Nevin Gaye Erbatur (CHP)
Fatos Gurkan (AKP)
Agri: Fatma Kotan (AKP)
Aksaray: Ilknur Inceoz (AKP)
Ankara: Nesrin Baytok (CHP)
Zeynep Dagi (AKP)
Askin Asan (AKP)
Aydin: Ozlem Cerçioglu (CHP)
Balikesir: Ayse Akbas (AKP)
Batman: Ayla Akat Ata (DTP)
Bursa: Canan Candemir Celik (AKP)
Denizli: Selma Aliye Kavaf (AKP)
Diyarbakir: Aysel Tugluk (DTP)
Gultan Kisanak (DTP)
Erzurum: Fazilet Dagci Ciglik (AKP)
Gaziantep: Fatma Sahin (AKP)
Ozlem Muftuoglu (AKP)
Igdir: Pervin Buldan (DTP)
Istanbul: Edibe Sozen (AKP)
Mesude Nursuna Memecan (AKP)
Ozlem Piltanoglu Turkone (AKP)
Ayse Jale Agirbas (CHP)
Fatma Nur Serter (CHP)
Bihlun Tamayligil (CHP)
Necla Arat (CHP)
Nimet Cubukcu (AKP)
Aysenur Bahçekapili (AKP)
Canan Kalsin (AKP)
Birgen Keles (CHP)
Meral Aksener (MHP)
Sebahat Tuncel(DTP)
Guldal Aksit (AKP)
Halide Incekara (AKP)
Alev Dedegil (AKP)
Izmir: Sukran Guldal Mumcu (CHP)
Nukhet Hotar Goksel (AKP)
Senol Bal (MHP)
Canan Aritman (CHP)
Kocaeli: Azize Sibel Gonul (AKP)
Konya: Ayse Turkmenoglu (AKP)
Malatya: Oznur Calik (AKP)
Mardin: Gonul Bekin Sahkulubey (AKP)
Emine Ayna (DTP)
Samsun: Birnur Sahinoglu (AKP)
Sanliurfa: Cagla Aktemur Ozyavuz (AKP),
Sirnak: Sevahir Bayindir (DTP)
Tokat: Dilek Yuksel (AKP)
Trabzon: Safiye Seymenoglu (AKP)
Van: Fatma Kurtulan (DTP)
Gulsen Orhan (AKP)

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