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Bosnia and Balkan energy demand

Overhead power line
Overhead power line

The collapse of much of its industry as a result of both war and transition means that today Bosnia's energy consumption is only about 45 GJ per capita, compared with an OECD average of 236.[1]  At the same time, Bosnia's geography, water resources and coal reserves mean that it is well placed to produce energy, both thermal (from coal) and hydro (from water).[2] The potential to dramatically expand domestic energy production makes Bosnia a central player in future energy planning in South Eastern Europe.

In 2004, Bosnia already exported more than 2,000 GWh (see table), which at 17 percent of its production was the highest share in the region. By 2006 exports stood at 2,500 GWh.[3]

Bosnia has thus become one of only three energy exporters in the Balkans (together with Romania and Bulgaria).[4] All the other countries in South East Europe are dependent on energy imports. In 2004, Macedonia imported 16 percent of its energy, and Croatia 23 percent.

Table: main energy exporters in the Energy Community region in 2004[5]
 

Net export GWh

Production GWh

Consumption GWh

Installed capacities MW

Bulgaria

5,878

41,538

35,660

12,130

Bosnia

2,084

12,600

10,516

4,062

Romania

1,188

51,934

50,746

16,473

Albania

- 479

5,368

5,847

1,564

Macedonia

- 1,176

6,213

7,389

1,510

Serbia (incl. Montengro and Kosovo)

- 2,015

38,401

40,416

9,214

Croatia

- 3,662

12,432

16,094

3,746

Total

1,818

168,486

166,668

48,699

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