Back 3 - Next 

Turks and the Labour Market

Turkish fish shop in Kreuzberg
Turkish fish shop in Berlin-Kreuzberg. Photo: flickr/'David

German Turks earn less, are more often unemployed, and depend more on social security than Germans.

Of the 1.7 million Turkish citizens resident in Germany in 2008 only 27 percent are fully employed (with social security). (see table 1)

In 2005 14 percent of all Germans lived below the official poverty line. The fıgure for German Turks was 30 percent.[10]

In the federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia more than 25 percent of Turkish citizens and some 20 percent of naturalised Turks are unemployed (2006).[11]

In Berlin the monthly average per capita income of a German citizen was 975 Euro in 2006; for Turkish citizens, it was 525 Euro.[12]

At the same time, the number of businesses owned by German Turks is rising. (see table 2)

Table 1: German Turks in the labour market (2006)[13]

462,000

fully employed with social security

187,000

employed part-time

192,000

officially unemployed

 

Table 2: German-Turkish entrepreneurs[14]

Year

Businesses

Employees

Turnover in Euro

       

1985

22,000

77,000

9 billion

2008

70,000

400,000

34 billion

 


[10] Berlin Deutsch-Turkisch, p. 14

[11] Wolfgang Seifert, Integration und Arbeit. Das Parlament, 29 May 2007

[12] Berlin Deutsch-Tuerkisch, 2008, p. 14.

 Back 3 - Next