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Import brides and asylum seekers

Turkish wedding in Berlin
Turkish wedding in Berlin. Photo: flickr/davidschubert11

Turkish migration to Germany has not come to an end. Until 1973 most Turks came under the framework of work migration (see: Guestworkers). Since then the main vehicle for migration has been family unification.

How many people does this concern?

Marriage and migration:

In 1996 17,662 Turkish citizens obtained a visa to join their spouses in Germany.[22]

In 2007 the total number was 7,638. This includes men and women.[23]

Asylum:

After the 1980 military coup in Turkey, thousands of Turks and Kurds sought asylum abroad, mostly in Germany and Sweden.

In 2007 a total of 1,437 Turkish citzens applied for asylum in Germany. 79 percent described themselves as Kurds.[24]  

In 2007 there were 2,119 asylum decisions concerning Turkish citizens. Only 19 people – 0.9 percent – were awarded asylum status.[25] Today, it appears, applying for asylum is no longer an effective way of  getting to Germany.

Table 1: Visa given for family unification purposes [26]

2002
2006
2007
2008 (Jan-July)

85,305
50,300
23,916
9,975

 

Since 2007 stricter criteria for obtaining a visa – such as proficiency in German – have been applied. This has led to a sharp decrease in visas issued.

Table 2: Asylum seekers from Turkey in Germany (first-time applications)[27]

1980
1990
1995
2000
2006
2007

57,913
22,082 25,514
8,968
1,949
1,437


( 4.8 percent accepted
(21.5 percent accepted)


( 0.9 percent accepted)

 


[25] Asyl in Zahlen, p. 15.

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