Turkish Policy Quarterly Vol 6, No. 4 (Winter 2007)
"The International Architecture of Global Governance and Turkey"

Nigar Göksel

Nigar Göksel
ESI Senior Analyst

From the desk of the editor

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Abdullah Gül

Abdullah Gül
Abdullah Gül is the President of the Republic of Turkey

"In terms of foreign policy planning, this candidacy is a well-thought out decision, taken in firm conviction that representation in the Security Council is important for Turkey, for her region and for the world at large. As a member of the Security Council, we will be looking forward to working with all members of the international community to help replace despair with hope, poverty with prosperity, inequality with justice, and violence with peace."

TPQ-article: "Why is a non-permanent seat for Turkey at the United Nations Security Council important for herself, her region and the world?"

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Mehmet Ögütçü

Mehmet Ögütçü
Mehmet Öğütçü is a former Turkish (1986-1994) diplomat and international civil servant of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (1994-2005). He is currently working as a senior executive for a major energy multinational based in London.

"In today's world, the globalization of international relations, the internationalization of national policy areas and the growing awareness that global problems require global solutions signify new important functions for diplomacy. Yet, the traditional actors of international affairs are not sufficiently equipped to deal with the complexities of the present and anticipated challenges. They face a survival question: to catch up with changing times by responding effectively to the needs of their constituencies or lose their relevance and value in the new global order."

TPQ-article: "International organizations in transformation: Why does the OECD matter for Turkey?"

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Richard Giragosian

Richard Giragosian
Richard Giragosian is a Washington-based analyst specializing in international relations, with a focus on economics, security and political developments in the former Soviet Union, the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region.

"The Republic of Turkey continues to undergo a profound reexamination of the very tenets of its national identity, driven by a combination of internal reforms and external challenges. An equally significant strategic reorientation involving Turkey's role within the region and its future position in a broader international context is Turkey's robust reassertion of its strategic importance, as a global actor with an emboldened agenda of activity within a number of international organizations, ranging from its traditional partners like NATO and the UN, to the more unconventional, such as GUAM and even the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)."

TPQ-article: "Redefining Turkey's strategic orientation"

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Allen Collinsworth

Allen Collinsworth
Allen Collinsworth is a Fellow at the East West Institute.

"The conflict zones it works in are as politicized as its process of appointing its members. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has entered an election year and will decide which states are best fit to be non-permanent members for the 2009-2010 term. Turkey is bidding for a seat in the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) along with Austria and Iceland. With much of the Council's resources committed to the Middle East, the Council would be wise to bring Turkey into the leadership fold."

TPQ-article: "Bridging the sincerity gap: A case for Turkey's bid for a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council"

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John Feffer

John Feffer
John Feffer is the co-director of Foreign Policy In Focus at the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, DC.

"Turkey wants to rotate onto the Security Council after a nearly 50-year absence. The Turkish leadership has claimed that the country can serve as a bridge across a growing gap between the West and the Islamic world. Although it has made great strides over the last decade to strengthen its credentials as a mediator, Turkey still faces divisive problems with its minority populations at home and its neighbors abroad. Nevertheless, Security Council membership may prompt Turkey to live up to its declared standards and move to resolve outstanding issues with Greece, Armenia, and ethnic and religious minorities domestically."

TPQ-article: "Turkey: Uniter or Divider"

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Alpaslan Korkmaz

Alpaslan Korkmaz
Alpaslan Korkmaz is President of the Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey.

"Outlining Turkey's track record on multiple fronts, the author highlights the reasons behind high investor interest in Turkey. Offering assurance that Turkey's EU track will proceed, the author argues that economically Turkey is already a part of the EU."

TPQ-article: "Turkey, a front state"

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Mehmet Karli

Mehmet Karli
Mehmet Karlı is a D.Phil candidate at the University of Oxford, a research assistant at Galatasaray University, and the co-founder and the co-president of Global Turkish Lawyers.

"The UN and the WTO were each the brainchild of one ideal: the ideal of building a peaceful liberal world order. Establishing the rule of law in international relations and openness are indispensable elements of this new world order. By providing a rules-based system for international trade, and by increasing the openness of its Members' economies, the WTO contributes to the realization of this ideal. The WTO cannot fulfill this function without the commitment of its Member States. Good international citizens are those who support the Organization in its objectives. Good citizens are those who pursue open policies, and who actively and constructively participate in the legislative, executive and judicial functions of the Organization."

TPQ-article: "Turkey's role and positions in WTO"

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Manja Vidic
Manja Vindic is Energy & Risk Analyst at the Ljubljana-based Institute for Strategic Studies (ISS).

"This essay analyzes external energy policy as a product of institutional dynamics within the EU. The Commission treats energy purely as a commodity and chooses a market approach to shape energy policy. The Council could add the geopolitical dimension to EU external energy security but lacks unified backing from member states. While there are regions where the external market approach makes sense (e.g. Western Balkans), it is a tall order to expect this approach to address EU energy interests in the Caspian basin."

TPQ-article: "EU Institutional Capacity in Security Energy"

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Maya Arakon

Maya Arakon
Maya Arakon is Assistant Professor at Yeditepe University- Istanbul, Department of Political Science and International Relations.

"The attacks of 9/11 changed the security concept of the world and showed that no country was immune to terrorist offenses any longer. The European Union, as well as the United States of America, had to find some new and more efficient measures to fight terrorism. These measures included legislations to prevent terrorist offenses, to stop terrorist financing and other terrorism-related actions. Thus, a series of measures such as establishing an area of justice, or freezing funds suspected of helping terrorist aims has been implemented within the EU. As a result, member states became more cooperative and better coordinated."

TPQ-article: "Fight against Terrorism and Security Strategies in the European Union after 9/11"

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Dirk Vermeiren

Dirk Vermeiren
Dirk Vermeiren is the representative in Turkey of the Belgian public broadcaster VRT.

"Dirk Vermeiren experiences Turkey as an energy hub in every sense of the word. But to him it seems as if it is Turkish people themselves that need to be convinced of their own potential. According to Dirk, the discourse in Turkish politics and even amongst ordinary Turks is too much colored by existing frustrations towards internal and external affairs. Dirk challenges Turkey to find a more positive approach to its problems."

TPQ-article: "Turkey's potential"

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George Stavri

George Stavri
George Stavri is the Director of the 'Cyprus Federal Studies Center' in Nicosia, Cyprus and the President of the newly formed movement, 'One Cyprus!'.

"Turkey with its unique attributes of geography, capable leadership, a swath of turkophone, recently independent countries at its door step, a long lasting special alliance with America, and set to join the EU as its first ever Muslim member, is proving to be a case study of an aspiring bona fide member in this new international global governance architecture. Its much-debated and much-disputed experiment of a multilateral foreign policy, meant to exploit its newfound strategic depth, is proving adequately successful to allow this set of policies to continue."

TPQ-article: "Global governance and Turkey: A two way window for a rising power"

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Emre Erdogan

Emre Erdogan
Emre Erdogan holds a PhD. in Political Sciences and is founder of Infakto Research Workshop.

"Following a brief introduction of the literature on the role of public opinion in international relations, the author analyzes the fluctuations of public opinion in Turkey towards the UN and the EU. The factors that trust in these institutions depends on and the variations within different segments of the Turkish society are dissected."

TPQ-article: "Determinants of Turkish citizens' attitudes towards international institutions"

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Dimitar Bechev

Dimitar Bechev
Dimitar Bechev is Research Fellow on South East European Studies at Oxford (SEESOX) European Studies Centre, University of Oxford.

"The deep-running divisions within the Bosnian society torn apart by the 1992-95 war, the political elites' confrontational style, and the overwhelming role played by the international community perpetuate the deadlocks that define politics in post-Dayton Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH). Recently, BiH was a testing ground for instruments related to the emerging European Security and Defense Policy such as the police mission (EUPM) launched in 2002 and EUFOR, a peacekeeping mission which replaced NATO's SFOR in 2004. The European Union needs to turn the Western Balkans into a success story if it wants to assert itself as a credible actor in global politics. BiH is critical in that endeavor."

TPQ-article: "Whither Bosnia?: Dilemmas of state building in the Western Balkans"

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