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Dalmatia: Ships & Grapes

Copyright © by Alan Grant
Pula, Roman amphitheatre and dockyard cranes

The early 1990s were years of war in Croatia and Dalmatia while the last five years of the decade were ones of slow recovery. The 1890s by contrast were years of peace but in Dalmatia especially, they were also years of economic depression not helped, explains Marcus Tanner in his history of Croatia "by Vienna's policy of vesting political power in the city council's in the hands of a tiny Italian minority. "

The region eked out a poor existence on wine and shipbuilding. But in the 1890s blight destroyed vineyards throughout Europe. Another blow was a favourable trade agreement reached with Italy that allowed Italy to flood the empire with cheap wine, undercutting Dalmatian exports. The switch to iron and steel ships then ruined the Dalmatians' second principal industry; there was not nearly enough capital in the region to finance the restructuring of Dalmatia's old wooden ship industry. Nor was there any money to finance the building of railways. By the turn of the century short lines linked Split to Sibenik and Knin but no further. As a result there were no decent transport links with either Bosnia or Croatia… .Poverty in Dalmatia drove tens of thousands to emigrate to America, and left the Adriatic islands with the half-deserted air they have retained ever since – outside the tourist season.

Croatia: A Nation Forged in War. Marcus Tanner. 1997.
[p. 110 / Yale University Press]

January 2007
Tim Judah

 Back Dalmatia - Next 
  1. Istanbul: Pamuk's City
  2. Istanbul: Swimming across the Bosphorus
  3. Salonika and the Jews
  4. Salonica: Slaves and Trade
  5. Thessalonika: 1923
  6. Ohrid: Rise and Fall
  7. Tornado of Dust - 1944
  8. Awake Romania - 1989
  9. Novi Sad: Nest of the Serbian nation
  10. Nis: War Capital, 1915
  11. Belgrade and the Selenites
  12. 1996: Serbia Calling
  13. Belgrade Train Station - 1964
  14. Srebrenica: Vengeance
  15. Srebrenica: Blood
  16. Srebrenica: July 1995
  17. Mealtime - Interwar years in Travnik
  18. Dayton: The Napkin Shuttle
  19. London Buses in Sarajevo
  20. The Museum and Bosnian Identity
  21. Foča: The Bosniak
  22. Kosovo: The Swiss Front
  23. Mitrovica: 1908
  24. Pristina: Kosovo like Namibia?
  25. City without traffic - Pristina 1966
  26. Durham in Pristina - 1908
  27. Tirana: 1962
  28. Zog's Tirana
  29. The Kotor - Constantinople Express
  30. Kotor and the Montenegrins
  31. The Rabbi of Stolac
  32. Dubrovnik: England, Wine and Wool
  33. Cetinje: Nikola Under the Elm
  34. Cetinje: 1858
  35. Dalmatia: Ships & Grapes
  36. Prophet of Yugoslavism
  37. The head of the world
  38. 1919: Mushrooms and Lies
  39. Sofia: Bulgaria's Jews during WWII
  40. Zamfirovo: Rural livelihoods in the mid-1990s
  41. Kosovo
  42. Romania: 1914
  43. Istanbul: Food and the frugal Turks
  44. Micklagard: Surprising, cosmopolitan Constantinople
  45. Sukhumi: The history of the region became ashes
  46. Black Sea: The coming of steam and rail
  47. Mestrovic: Motherhood and the Victor
  48. Rizvanovici, Bosnia: Gnashing
  49. Down the Danube with Magris: Ruse
  50. From Pristina to Tskhinvali
  51. Serbia, Historians and Hitler's War
  52. Balkan Strongmen: Bulgaria's Zhivkov
  53. Sarajevo: The Siege Within
  54. Turkey: Osman's Dream
  55. Durres 1961: Beijing on Sea
  56. Cetinje: Eggs for the Ladies
  57. Bosnia: Land of Immigrants
  58. Ottoman Croatia
  59. Harem: All the Sultan's Women
  60. Sibiu: Regime Change, European Style
  61. 1929: The Balkans and the Great Crash
  62. Rumeli and how the Balkans became the Balkans
  63. 1948: Stalin, Kosovo and Swallowing Albania
  64. Transforming Turkey: the 1950s
  65. McMafia and the Balkans
  66. 1916: Serbia in Corfu
  67. Princes Amongst Men
  68. Limp Shevardnadze
  69. Knin: War and Suburbia
  70. In the Mountains of Poetry

© European Stability Initiative - ESI 2017
30 January 2007, 00:00