This section offers close to 80 key texts and background documents covering Serbia's EU accession process. Key documents on the EU's enlargement process in general can be found in ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.
The major accession process agreements between Serbia and the EU:
- Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA signed 29 April 2008, Luxembourg)
- Interim Agreement on Trade (signed 29 April 2008, Luxembourg)
- European Partnership 2008
- European Partnership 2006
- European Partnership 2004
The European Council, the highest decision making body of the EU, takes key decisions with regard to EU enlargement. In October 2010, the Council took the hitherto most important decision on the Serbia's EU accession, forwarding the country's application for membership – submitted on 22 December 2009 – to the European Commission.
- Luxembourg European Council 3040th General Affairs meeting conclusions inviting the European Commission to prepare its opinion on Serbia´s application for EU membership (25 October 2010).
Following the European Council's decision to invite the European Commission to prepare an opinion on Serbia's membership application, the Commission provided the Serbian government with a 379-page questionnaire in November 2010. After only 45 days, on 31 January 2011, Serbia sent the European Commission the answers to the total of 2,482 questions:
- Political Criteria
- Economic criteria
- Chapter 01 - Free movement of goods
- Chapter 02 - Freedom fo movement for workers
- Chapter 03 - Right of establishment and freedom to provide services
- Chapter 04 - Free movements of capital
- Chapter 05 - Public procurement
- Chapter 06 - Company Law
- Chapter 07 - Intellectual property law
- Chapter 08 - Competition
- Chapter 09 - Financial services
- Chapter 10 - Information society and media
- Chapter 11 - Agriculture and rural development
- Chapter 12 - Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy
- Chapter 13 - Fisheries
- Chapter 14 - Transport policy
- Chapter 15 - Energy
- Chapter 16 - Taxation
- Chapter 17 - Economic and monetary policy
- Chapter 18 - Statistics
- Chapter 19 - Social policy and employment
- Chapter 20 - Enterprise and industrial policy
- Chapter 21 - Trans-European Networks
- Chapter 22 - Regional policy and coordination of structural instruments
- Chapter 23 - Judiciary and fundamental rights
- Chapter 24 - Justice, freedom and security
- Chapter 25 - Science and research
- Chapter 26 - Education and culture
- Chapter 27 - Environment
- Chapter 28 - Consumer and health protection
- Chapter 29 - Customs union
- Chapter 30 - External relations
- Chapter 31 - Foreign, security and defence policy
- Chapter 32 - Financial control
- Chapter 33 - Financial and budgetary provisions
A number of strategic documents inform the Serbian government's current efforts to move closer to EU accession (reverse chronological order):
- Serbia's application for EU membership (December 2009)
- National Programme for Integration with the European Union (NPI, 2008, unofficial translation). Amended version of the National Programme (December 2009)
- Plans for the implementation of priorities contained in the European Partnership:
- Strategy for integrated border management for successful implementation of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (2006)
- National Strategy of the Republic of Serbia for Serbia and Montenegro's Accession to the European Union (May 2005)
- Action Plan for the Approximation of Draft Laws with the EU Regulations (2005)
- National Parliament's resolution on EU accession (14 October 2004)
- Communication Strategy in the Stabilisation and Association Process of the State Union Serbia-Montenegro (2004)
The Serbian Government's European Integration Office conducts public polls on a regular basis, measuring citizens' perception of the EU integration process. The latest results were published in June 2010.
In the EU's 2007-2013 budget cycle all pre-accession programmes were merged into a single mechanism, the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA). The IPA has five components. Potential candidate countries like Serbia can only benefit from two of them – general capacity building and cross border cooperation. All five components – the others include regional, human resources and rural development – are available only to candidate countries.
EC support was previously channelled mainly through the CARDS programme, designed for the Western Balkans in 2000.
INSTRUMENT FOR PRE-ACCESSION ASSISTANCE (IPA)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Planning Document 2009-2011 (Serbia)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Planning Document 2008-2010 (Serbia)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Planning Document 2007-2009 (Serbia)
- EC, Council Regulation 718/2007 on the implementation of IPA (12 June 2007)
- EC, Council Regulation 1085/2006 (”IPA regulation”, 17 July 2006)
- DG Enlargement, IPA website
For multi-annual indicative financial frameworks, including information and financial data on all recipient countries, go to the respective section of ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.
You can find more Serbia-specific documents on the two IPA components here.
COMPONENT I: TRANSITION ASSISTANCE AND INSTITUTION BUILDING
- 2010 Commission Decision
- 2009 Commission Decision
- 2009 Financing Proposal
- 2008 Commission Decision
- 2008 Financing Proposal
- 2007 Commission Decision
- 2007 Financing Proposal
Project fiches for the Transition Assistance and Institution Building component can be accessed on the website of DG Enlargement.
COMPONENT II: CROSS-BORDER CO-OPERATION
- 2007 Commission decision – Cross-border programme Serbia-Croatia
- 2007 Commission decision – Cross-border programme Serbia-Montenegro
- 2007-2013 Cross-border co-operation programme Serbia – Bosnia and Herzegovina
- 2007-2013 Cross-border co-operation programme Serbia – Croatia
- 2007-2013 Cross-border co-operation programme Serbia – Montenegro
For the European Commission's annual reports on all EU pre-accession funds, click here.
In 2000, various EU assistance programmes for the Western Balkans were streamlined into the Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilisation (CARDS) programme. CARDS was designed to support the Stabilisation and Association process.
- EC, CARDS Multi-annual Indicative Programme 2005-2006, Serbia and Montenegro
- EC, CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2005
- EC, CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2004
- EC, CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2003
- EC, CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2002
- EC, CARDS Serbia Initial Support programme 2001
- EC, CARDS Serbia Additional Support programme 2001
- EC, Country strategy paper 2002-2006, Serbia and Montenegro
- EC, CARDS Regulation (2000)
All official Commission reports on Serbia prepared by DG Enlargement:
- EC, Progress Report on Serbia 2010 (9 November 2010)
- EC, Progress Report on Serbia 2009 (14 October 2009)
- EC, Progress report on Serbia 2008 (5 November 2008)
- EC, Progress report on Serbia 2007 (6 November 2007)
- EC, Progress report on Serbia 2006 (8 November 2006)
- EC, Progress report on Serbia 2005 (9 November 2005)
Since 2005 Serbia and all other candidate / potential candidate countries have been included in the European Commission's annual strategy paper on EU Enlargement.
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2010 (9 November 2010)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2009 (14 October 2009)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2008 (5 November 2008)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2007 (6 November 2007)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2006 (8 November 2006)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2005 (9 November 2005)
A few webpages for further information and documents:
- The European Integration Office of the Serbian government (SEIO) provides a wide range of sources on Serbia's EU accession process.
- The Serbia country page of the European Commission's DG Enlargement website offers detailed information on the EC's programmes in Serbia.
- The official website of the Serbian Government.