The elections for Turkey's 60th government were the 16th since the transition to a multi-party regime in 1949. Fourteen political parties and a record of 699 independent candidates competed at the ballot box, totalling 7394 parliamentary candidates.
Some 42,533,041 voters cast their ballots in 85 electoral districts.
The ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) won a landslide victory, leaving its rivals far behind as it secured an unparalleled 46.9 percent of the national vote, comfortably ensuring that it will again form a single-party government.
The Kemalist Republican People's Party (CHP), its closest rival got 20.7 percent of the vote, followed by the far-right Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). The MHP secured a return ticket to Parliament, following a five-year break, with 14.3 percent. This means three parties managed to pass the 10 percent threshold along with 28 independents mostly backed by the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party (DTP), but also including former Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz or the leftist ODP chairperson Ufuk Uras.
The most striking aspects of these elections were:
- For first time since the 1950s the ruling party could not only win a second election, but also increase significantly its share of the vote
- The number of women MPs more than doubled from 24 to 50
- Kurdish independent candidates can form a parliamentary group
- Around 85 percent of the voters are represented in parliament compared to only 55 percent in 2002