ESI Manual: The Polish EU enlargement debate. Information and contacts (March 2009)
Both a clear majority of Poland’s population and its political elite support further EU enlargement. Support for Turkish EU membership, however, is lower than for the Western Balkans and not based on any strong convictions or principles.
This manual introduces key individuals who shape the enlargement debate in this enlargement-friendly new member state which will play an crucial role when it will preside over the EU in 2011. It provides an thorough overview of key people in the Polish media, the think tank and academic scenes as well as in government. On nearly 60 pages you find information and contact details of over 200 individuals in close to 80 institutions. Download the manual, or first have a look a the examples below.
TV in Poland
“Polish electronic media are at a crucial moment of their development… With dwindling income from the licence fee…fierce fighting for advertising revenue, and TVP losing its younger, more educated and wealthier viewers, the future looks bleak for Polish public service broadcasting.”
Open Society Institute report: TV across Europe 2008: Poland
Poland’s public station Telewizja Polska – TVP used to have the reputation of being the best TV station in post-communist Europe. It still remains the most popular TV station in Poland. TVP1 has an audience share of 24 per cent. The second channel TVP2 has a 16.5 per cent share. Adding in the other TVP channels, TVP can still command close to half the audience. But there is a growing private TV sector – the top two commercial channels Polsat and TVN have 14 per cent and 13.4 per cent respectively, according to TNS OBOP (January 2009).
“Political pressure and bias have always been commonplace at the Polish public-service broadcaster Telewizja Polska (TVP),” Marius Dragomir, of the Open Society Institute’s Media Programme, wrote in European Voice on March 4 2009 . He continued:”There was, though, a time between 2004 and 2006 when the station showed more pluralism and professionalism, primarily the journalists who contributed to its prime-time newscast Wiadomości. As well as coinciding with EU accession, that was a period when TVP was managed by a former BBC journalist. But such people, it seems, cannot stay long in such prominent positions in Poland’s public-service media – their management and governing structures change as the political wind blows. The chapters of TVP’s history are crammed with changes at the station’s top, most of them dictated by politics.”
TVP’s future funding is also the subject of intense debate in Parliament. The government’s plan to replace licence fees with a subsidy from VAT payments is being opposed by the left-of-centre SLD party. Without SLD support, the proposed law may not be able to overturn an expected presidential veto. Under the proposed law TVP will continue to carry advertising, but it will be required to operate within a tighter public service remit than at present.
As well as mainstream channels TVP and TVP2, Polish TV also broadcasts TVP Info (a news channel), TVP Polonia (a satellite channel for Poles overseas), TVP Kultura (a prestigious arts and music channel), a history channel (TVP Historia), and TVP Sport. There are also 16 regional stations throughout the country.
The main TVP News programmes:
Wiadomości – news bulletins are shown on TVP 1 at 08:00; 12:00; 15:00; with the main news at 19:30. Wiadomości is the second most popular news programme, watched on average by just over 5 million viewers.
Jarosław Grzelak remains director of the News Department (known as TAI – Television Information Agency), which produces news for TVP 1 & 2 and TVP Info.
Dorota Macieja is the Editor of Wiadomości
Michał Adamczyk, tel. + (32) 2 230 8478/231 1334
Joanna Wajda specialises in political and international subjects especially EU and US affairs, covering EU summits and international visits of the president and prime minister. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Foreign Correspondent Piotr Górecki, based in Warsaw, has a long experience of working in the Balkans. E-mail: email@example.com.
Teleexpress at 17:00 is a popular 15 minute news show on weekdays. It is on the first place in the It is the most popular information programs. In January 2009 it had an average of 5.93 million viewers.
Presenters: Maciej Orłoś and Beata Chmielowska-Olech.
Kwadrans po ósmej (Quarter past eight), an interview show – often with 3 newsmakers. It is shown at 08:15 from Mondays to Friday. Presenters: Maciej Zdziarski and Justyna Dobrosz.
The main news programme on TVP 2 – Panorama is shown at 09:30 and 18:30.
Małgorzata Łopińska is the Panorama editor.
Tomasz Lis is one of the most popular TV journalists. He rejoined TVP in February 2008 to present Tomasz Lis Live – the top TV political discussion show, where he interviews the main political figures. It goes out on Mondays at 21:40 on TVP 2. He first joined TVP as newsreader and worked for three years as a correspondent in Washington D.C. Tomasz Lis also worked as newscaster for the main commercial channels, TVN and Polsat. His book, “Co z tą Polską?” (“What’s with Poland?”), became a bestseller, selling over 100,000 copies.
Janusz Sejm is Head of News at TVP Info.
Magda Walczak is the Brussels Correspondent. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Komentarz świat (World Commentary) is broadcast weekdays at 1715. The presenter is Piotr Chęciński. It is a quite well-respected foreign news-analysis programme covering EU related issues and world news.
7 dni świat (7 Days in the World), headed by Andrzej Turski, one of the best-known TVP presenters, is about to return to TV two years after it was removed. Andrzej Turski was a senior executive at TAI and at Polish Radio in the 1980’s and early 1990’s. Until recently he presented Panorama.
Studio Wschód – (Studio East) is a weekly information program on Saturdays at 17:30. It has an audience of 600,000. It covers Eastern Europe and such issues as international security, energy, and politics. Maria Przełomiec a former BBC radio journalist is editor and presenter of the program. She also writes for Dziennik, Wprost and for the Catholic media. E-mail: email@example.com
The liberal centre-left Gazeta Wyborcza is the most read serious daily and second bestselling paper. It began as the “Election Gazette”, originally based in a hastily converted schoolroom, during Poland’s first free Parliamentary elections in 1989. GW is now located in a high-tech newsroom. It is the flagship of the Agora Company, which also owns magazines, the Internet portal gazeta.pl, and several radio stations.
Like all the Polish media, the owners of Gazeta Wyborcza face strong commercial pressures. Advertising revenue fell by 10.7 million zlotys year on year to November 2008 (though GW still has the largest ad revenues of any daily). GW’s paid circulation of 374,000 in November 2008 was 13 per cent lower than a year before. (Figures from Warsaw Business Journal 2/2/09) 7.5 per cent of Agora’s workforce – some 300 staff, including some prominent names – was due to be laid off by April 2009, the company announced in January 2009.
Adam Michnik is the editor-in-chief and co-founder of Gazeta Wyborcza. In the eighties he was one of the leading organizers of the democratic opposition. He is known as a historian, essayist, and the country’s pre-eminent political publicist. He is also the symbol of the round table negotiations which led to Poland’s first non-communist government 20 years ago.
However, due to Adam Michnik’s many engagements on a day to day basis Gazeta Wyborcza is now headed by the paper’s team of deputy editors, the most senior of which is Jarosław Kurski. (His brother Jacek Kurski is one of the leaders of PiS.)
Bartosz Węglarczyk is the foreign editor. He is a former correspondent in Moscow, Brussels and Washington. Tel. 48 (22) 555 4338. Foreign desk: firstname.lastname@example.org
Konrad Niklewicz is a former Brussels correspondent from 2005 – 2007 and in 2000-2001 – a correspondent in Paris. He is one of the country’s most respected writers on EU and economic issues.
Jacek Pawlicki has also worked in Brussels and is regarded as one of the best-informed writers on foreign affairs and EU related issues.
The Brussels Correspondent is Dominika Pszczółkowska, who is developing a strong reputation for her coverage over the past year. E-mail: email@example.com
Marcin Wojciechowski reported from the Western Balkans during the NATO air campaign and the fall of Slobodan Miloševic in 1999 and 2000. He is now a noted specialist on Russian and Ukrainian politics.
Centre for International Relations (Centrum Stosunków Międzynarodowych – CSM)
Emilii Plater 25
CSM was founded in the mid 1990s. It covers German-Polish relations, trans-Atlantic relations, Eastern Policy, the Weimar Triangle, the Visegrad Group, and migration. Research also covers climate change, development, human rights, and lately, CAP.
CSM is also interested in future EU-enlargement, including the West Balkans. It held a conference in April 2008 on the Polish and German policy on future enlargement of the EU. In spring 2009 CSM is launching a new project entitled “Communicating Europe”, focusing on bringing together media owners and decision-makers from the Western Balkans. It is the co-organiser of the March 2009ESI Communicating Europe workshop.
Andrzej Bobiński is Programme Director. He has previously worked with a number of Polish NGOs and think-tanks, including the Institute of Public Affairs, The Polish Federation of NGOs, and The School for Leaders Association. He collaborated with Time magazine and worked for The Guardian and The Observer. He is one of the co-founders of Article 61, the first vote-smart initiative in Poland. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Krystyna Iglicka is an economist and a social demographer. She is a Professor at the Lazarski School of Commerce and Law, and a Polish government expert on migration policy. Her research areas include strategies and mechanisms of emigration in the CEE region, labour mobility, East-West European migration, immigration and integration models, EU immigration policy, patterns of return migration, brain-drain and the mobility of highly skilled labour.
Tel: +48 (22) 646 52 67, 646 52 68. Email: email@example.com
Łukasz Stawikowski is running CSM’s EU-funded project called Communicating Europe which aims to engage media decision-makers in the Western Balkans. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Wojciech Borodzicz-Smoliński is the Co-ordinator of the Eastern Programme. His main focus is on Belarus and Ukraine. Recent projects include: Belarusian School of Journalism (2005-2008), www.Belarus-Live.eu, www.Belarus-Live.tv, European Radio for Belarus.
ul. Idźkowskiego 4/6
Tel: +48 (22) 401 70 26
demosEuropa is a new think-tank, which has already gained a pre-eminent reputation on the EU policy agenda for its innovative approach. It has a strongly pro-European stance. Unlike most other think-tanks in Poland demosEuropa co-operates with the private sector and receives funding from major Polish and foreign companies. demosEuropa aims to look over the horizon at future issues. There are 5 main strands to demosEuropa’s work: the future of the European Union, the Union and the Citizen, the EU economy, EU in the World and enlargement. Sustainability and new approaches to climate change is a growing theme.
President: Paweł Świeboda is one of the country’s most dynamic analysts of EU policies. He worked as advisor to the President of Poland on EU issues from 1996-2000. He then headed the Office for European Integration in the Chancellery of the President. From 2001-2006 he was Director of the EU Department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Email: email@example.com
Maria Sadowska is head of the Europe in the World programme. She specializes in management and communication strategies. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ESI Manual: The Polish EU enlargement debate. Information and contacts (March 2009