The basic dilemma
The basic dilemma of rural Kosovo is not new. In 1979 the World Bank wrote that poverty in Yugoslavia is "basically rural." While it held out hopes of employment growth in most of the less developed regions, it did not see much prospect of change in Kosovo.
"The exception is Kosovo, which cannot, even under optimistic assumptions and even if the plan's growth targets are achieved, be expected to absorb the increments to its labour force."
Since then Kosovo's population has continued to grow, but neither the number of jobs nor the amount of agricultural land has kept pace.