Europäische Stabilitätsinitiative - ESI - 22. Juli 2019, 15:49
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In Turkey a lively and broad media landscape has developed in the past two decades. Consolidation and pluralization have proceeded apace. A limited number of large media holdings have absorbed numerous newspapers and TV stations, though the democratization process has also seen the emergence of many new newspapers, weeklies and TV channels from all sides of the political, regional, ethnic-confessional and social spectrum. Television is by far the most important medium in Turkey. A survey by the Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTÜK) showed that average time spent watching television is more than 5 hours per day.[1] The first TV channel run by the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) was established by the state in 1964. It had a monopoly on audiovisual broadcasting until 1990. The first private commercial TV channel, STAR 1, began broadcasting in 1990 via satellite from Germany, paving the way for some 100 local commercial TV channels and 500 local radio channels, which began operating without licenses. As a result of this quasi-illegal situation, the broadcasting scene faced radical challenges. These were ultimately tackled by way of constitutional amendments passed by the parliament in August 1993, leading to a boom in private TV (and radio) channels. There are currently 13 state controlled (TRT), 24 national private, 16 regional private and 224 local private TV channels, as well as 36 national private, 108 regional and 944 local radio stations.[2]

The print media in Turkey are dominated by national newspapers which have a daily circulation of between 4.5 and 5 million. Regional newspapers do not play an important role, though the big national newspapers have supplements for some of the regions (Aegean, Ankara, Black Sea etc.). There are currently 34 nationally distributed newspapers and about 900 local newspapers.[3] Additionally there are 16 weeklies selling around 120,000 copies combined. Of these, the best selling

August 2010

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Turkey-Armenia Manual
    Country profile    
     
Turkey's media landscape
Turkey's media landscape
  Thinks Tanks
Thinks Tanks
     
Academics
Academics working on Turkey-Armenia relations
  NGOs and foundations
NGOs and foundations
     
Politicians, diplomats, foreign ministry
Politicians, diplomats, foreign ministry
  Business associations / Business people
Business associations / Business people

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1. August 2010, 00:00