European Stability Initiative - ESI - 22 July 2018, 06:41

Post-modern Nation - Montenegro one year after independence - September 2007

Post-modern Nation - Montenegro one year after independence

With its mountainous geography and turbulent history Montenegro is a small Balkan. It is Europe's youngest state, gaining independence in summer 2006.  Since then it has not been in the news much.  This is in itself remarkable for a country that was once feared to turn into a failed state in a troubled region.

Throughout its history Montenegro was known in Europe for its fierce tribes and blood feuds.  For centuries Muslim (Ottoman) and Catholic (Venice and Austria) Empires met on its territory.  However, in recent years Montenegro surprised those who expected that it would be torn apart by internal conflict.

Montenegro was the only one of the six former Yugoslav republics that managed to avoid all violent conflict on its territory since 1989.  It is a country without an ethnic majority, two Orthodox churches and no agreed name for the language most of its people speak.  The national currency of independent Montenegro is the Euro.  Its 620,000 citizens are Orthodox Montenegrins and Orthodox Serbs, Muslim Bosniaks, Catholic and Muslim Albanians, as well as some Croats and other minorities.  Upon re-establishing statehood, Montenegro drastically downsized the armed forces it inherited from the joint state with Serbia to 2,500 and destroyed all except one of its 62 tanks.  The adjective “wild” is no longer used to scare away potential invaders but to attract tourists.

In recent months ESI has taken a closer look at this post-modern nation, from the mountainous North to the Adriatic coastline, to see what independence has brought.  What explains the relative success and character of the Montenegrin state-building experience?

YouTube: Montenegro Wild Beauty Spot

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Post-modern Nation - Montenegro one year after independence

  1. Fault line of civilisations?
  2. Tribal reputation
  3. Facing the past
  4. The threat of civil war
  5. Cold war with Serbia (1997-2000)
  6. Fears of war
  7. Building institutions
  8. A short history of "Solania"
  9. Independence
  10. First stop: Europe's youngest capital
  11. Podgorica centre of national politics
  12. Near Podgorica: KAP and FDI
  13. Second stop: the North after independence
  14. Tribes and clans
  15. Wild beauty
  16. "Little Montenegro"
  17. Northern politics in 2007
  18. Third Stop: the Adriatic Coast
  19. Multiethnic Bar
  20. Catholics and Orthodox in Sutomore
  21. Kotor between East and West
  22. Montenegro's economic motor: Tourism
  23. Into the mountains the end of Empire
  24. Fourth stop: Cetinje
  25. Symbols of statehood
  26. The fight over orthodoxy

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© European Stability Initiative - ESI 2018
8 September 2007, 00:00