Dissenting voices: Ekho Moskvy and Yulia Latynina
Ekho Moskvy (The Echo of Moscow) has an established reputation as an independent radio channel characterized by open debate and quality journalism. Valeria Novodvorskaya, a well-known Russian dissident, advised her readers in September 2008: "Listen to Ekho, there is nothing else in this country to listen to or watch." Founded in 1990, Ekho Moskvy boasts an audience of 900,000 listeners per day. According to data provided by Medialogy, a market research company, it was the most frequently cited Russian national media outlet in February 2009.
Some of the most popular programs on Ekho Moskvy include Osoboe mnenie (Special Opinion) and Yulia Latynina's Kod Dostupa (Access Code). Yulia Latynina is an award-winning fantasy writer and journalist born. Aside from hosting Kod Dostupa, she writes for opposition papers Novaya Gazeta and Ezhednevnyy Zhurnal. Her extensive coverage of the August 2008 war in Georgia generated a great deal of controversy in Russia, with Latynina voicing very critical views of the official Russian position. This did not go unnoticed. In late August 2008, Ekho Moskvy Editor-in-Chief Alexey Venediktov was publicly berated