The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA or UCK to give its Albanian initials,) originated in the clandestine cells of Kosovars, at home and abroad, during the 1980s and even earlier. Generally they were microscopic groups which constantly quarrelled and more often than not framed their commitment to the Kosovo cause in terms of a devotion to Enver Hoxha, the Stalinist dictator of neighbouring Albania. "The question of Marxism-Leninism or Enverism is a vexed one," writes Judah, "especially as the KLA were later accused of having these roots and therefore, in a politically motivated non sequitur, of still being committed Enverists."
However, according to Daut Dauti, the Kosovar journalist, who was at university at this time [early 1980s]: "The Marxist-Leninists were for an armed uprising in the 1980s. They had no idea what Enverism was