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Bosnia: Land of Immigrants

Cetinje - flickr-davduf
Sculpture by Francesco Perilli, "The multicultural man will build the world". Photo: flickr/jaime.silva

In 1994 Noel Malcolm the British historian published his "Bosnia: A Short History". Ever since it has served as a first port of call for anyone interested in a general introduction to the subject. In 2007, Marko Attila Hoare, an academic at Kingston University, published his new history of the country. It is a major addition to the cannon. A considerable portion of the book concentrates on the period 1941-45, which Hoare argues was "the pivotal event of modern Bosnian history: the point at which a combination of long-term and short-term accidents brought to fruition the development of Bosnia-Hercegovina in the form of a nation state. Its birth was neither accidental nor predetermined; it is by no means certain that Bosnia-Hercegovina would have emerged as a state had not Nazi Germany destroyed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and created the space for something new to emerge… ." In these extracts Hoare explains how all of Bosnia's three main nationalities, Serbs, Croats and Muslims (Bosniaks) had assimilated large numbers of others over the centuries to become the people they are now.

Muslims of various nationalities, including Albanians, Turks and Gypsies, arrived in Bosnia during the Ottoman period and assimilated into the Muslim Slavs. Individuals from many different nationalities converted to Islam in Ottoman Bosnia and thereby joined the Bosnian Muslims

The History of Bosnia: From the Middle Ages to the Present Day. Marko Attila Hoare. 2007.
[pp.  43-44 / Saqi]

January 2009
Tim Judah

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  1. Istanbul: Pamuk's City
  2. Istanbul: Swimming across the Bosphorus
  3. Salonika and the Jews
  4. Salonica: Slaves and Trade
  5. Thessalonika: 1923
  6. Ohrid: Rise and Fall
  7. Tornado of Dust - 1944
  8. Awake Romania - 1989
  9. Novi Sad: Nest of the Serbian nation
  10. Nis: War Capital, 1915
  11. Belgrade and the Selenites
  12. 1996: Serbia Calling
  13. Belgrade Train Station - 1964
  14. Srebrenica: Vengeance
  15. Srebrenica: Blood
  16. Srebrenica: July 1995
  17. Mealtime - Interwar years in Travnik
  18. Dayton: The Napkin Shuttle
  19. London Buses in Sarajevo
  20. The Museum and Bosnian Identity
  21. Foča: The Bosniak
  22. Kosovo: The Swiss Front
  23. Mitrovica: 1908
  24. Pristina: Kosovo like Namibia?
  25. City without traffic - Pristina 1966
  26. Durham in Pristina - 1908
  27. Tirana: 1962
  28. Zog's Tirana
  29. The Kotor - Constantinople Express
  30. Kotor and the Montenegrins
  31. The Rabbi of Stolac
  32. Dubrovnik: England, Wine and Wool
  33. Cetinje: Nikola Under the Elm
  34. Cetinje: 1858
  35. Dalmatia: Ships & Grapes
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  38. 1919: Mushrooms and Lies
  39. Sofia: Bulgaria's Jews during WWII
  40. Zamfirovo: Rural livelihoods in the mid-1990s
  41. Kosovo
  42. Romania: 1914
  43. Istanbul: Food and the frugal Turks
  44. Micklagard: Surprising, cosmopolitan Constantinople
  45. Sukhumi: The history of the region became ashes
  46. Black Sea: The coming of steam and rail
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  59. Harem: All the Sultan's Women
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