- Contractual relations
- Key conclusions of the Council and the European Council
- Key documents prepared by the Montenegrin government
- Pre-accession funds
- EU monitoring reports
- Key EU strategy documents
This section offers almost 150 key texts and background documents covering Montenegro's EU accession process. Important documents on the process in general can be found in ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.
The major agreements regarding Montenegro's accession process with the EU:
- Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA signed 15 October 2007, Luxembourg)
- Interim Agreement on Trade (signed 15 October 2007, Luxembourg)
- European Partnership 2007
- European Partnership 2004
Key conclusions of the Council and the European Council
The European Council, which is made up of the EU's heads of state or government and is the highest decision-making body of the EU, takes key decisions regarding EU enlargement.
Following Montenegro's formal application for membership in December 2008, the Commission issued its Avis on 9 November 2010. On 17 December 2010 the European Council endorsed the decision of the General Affairs Council of 14 December 2010, to grant Montenegro official candidate status. On 29 June 2012, it endorsed the General Affairs Councils decision to start accession talks.
- European Council Conclusions, 28/29 June 2012, endorsing council decision to open accession negotiations with Montengro (page 4)
- General Affairs Council Conclusions, 26 June 2012, Council decision, subject to endorsement by the European Council, that accession negotiations should be opened on 29 June 2012
- European Council Conclusions (9 December 2011), Montenegro on page 5
- Brussels, European Council, 3060th General Affairs Council meeting conclusions, granting Montenegro candidate status for EU membership (14 December 2010), subsequently endorsed by the European Council (16-17 December 2010).
Key documents prepared by the Montenegrin government
The European Commission's Opinion on Montenegro's application for EU membership was based on answers to a 368-page questionnaire handed over to the government in July 2009 by Olli Rehn, then EU Commissioner for Enlargement. On 9 December 2009, the Montenegrins delivered their answers to the 2,178 questions they had been set, which were later followed by answers to follow-up questions:
- Democracy and the rule of law (1st set of answers; 2nd set of answers)
- Human rights (1st set; 2nd set)
- Regional issues and international obligations (1st set; 2nd set)
- Macroeconomic data (1st set; 2nd set)
- Socio-economic data
- Structural indicators
- Wage bargaining process and the social security system
- Economic and structural developments and reform (1st set; 2nd set)
- Financial markets (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 01 - Free movement of goods (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 02 - Freedom of movement for workers (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 03 - Right of establishment and freedom to provide services (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 04 - Free movements of capital (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 05 - Public procurement (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 06 - Company Law (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 07 - Intellectual property law (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 08 - Competition (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 09 - Financial services (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 10 - Information society and media (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 11 - Agriculture and rural development (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 12 - Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy
- Chapter 13 - Fisheries (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 14 - Transport policy (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 15 - Energy (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 16 - Taxation (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 17 - Economic and monetary policy (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 18 - Statistics (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 19 - Social policy and employment (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 20 - Enterprise and industrial policy (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 21 - Trans-European Networks (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 22 - Regional policy and coordination of structural instruments (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 23 - Judiciary and fundamental rights (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 24 - Justice, freedom and security (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 25 - Science and research (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 26 - Education and culture (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 27 - Environment (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 28 - Consumer and health protection (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 29 - Customs union (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 30 - External relations (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 31 - Foreign, security and defence policy (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 32 - Financial control (1st set; 2nd set)
- Chapter 33 - Financial and budgetary provisions (1st set; 2nd set)
A number of strategic documents throw light on the Montenegrin government's current efforts to move closer to EU accession (reverse chronological order):
- Public Communication Strategy on the EU and Montenegro's membership (2010-2014)
- Information, harmonisation of Montenegro legislation with EU legislation (June 2009)
- National Programme for Integration (NPI) 2008-2012 (June 2008)
- First ten quarterly reports on activities – EU SAA process (June 2005-December 2007)
In the EU's 2007-2013 budget cycle, all pre-accession programmes were merged into a single mechanism, the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA). The IPA has five components. Until December 2010, Montenegro, as a potential candidate country, could only benefit from two of them – general capacity building and cross-border cooperation. However, now as a full candidate country, Montenegro is eligible for the three others: regional development, human resources development and rural development.
INSTRUMENT FOR PRE-ACCESSION ASSISTANCE (IPA)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Financial Framework 2012-2013 (All Balkans)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Planning Document 2011-2013 (All Balkans)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Planning Document 2009-2011 (Montenegro)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Planning Document 2008-2010 (Montenegro)
- EC, Multi-Annual Indicative Planning Document 2007-2009 (Montenegro)
- EC, Council Regulation 718/2007 on the implementation of IPA (12 June 2007)
- EC, Council Regulation 1085/2006 ("IPA regulation", 17 July 2006)
- DG Enlargement, IPA website
For multi-annual indicative financial frameworks, including information and financial data on all recipient countries, go to the respective section of ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.
COMPONENT I: TRANSITION ASSISTANCE AND INSTITUTION BUILDING
- 2011 National Programme
- 2010 Financing Proposal
- 2009 Financing Proposal
- 2008 Financing Proposal
- 2007 Financing Proposal
- 2007 Commission Decision
Other programmes and project fiches for the Transition Assistance and Institution Building component can be accessed on the website of DG Enlargement.
COMPONENT II: CROSS-BORDER CO-OPERATION
- 2007-2013 Cross-border co-operation programme Montenegro-Albania
- 2007-2013 Cross-border co-operation programme Montenegro-Bosnia and Herzegovina
- 2007-2013 Cross-border co-operation programme Montenegro-Croatia
- 2007-2013 Cross-border co-operation programme Montenegro-Serbia
Relevant decisions and additional information related to these and other programmes under the Cross-Border Co-operation component can be found here.
You can find more Montenegro-specific documents on the two IPA components here.
For the European Commission's annual reports on all EU pre-accession funds, click here.
Previously, from 2000 to 2006, EC support was channelled mainly through the Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilisation (CARDS) programme, which was an effort to streamline various programmes into one single assistance tool, designed in 2000 to support the Stabilisation and Association process. At that time Montenegro was still part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which from 2003 until 2006 became the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
- EC, CARDS Multi-annual Indicative Programme 2005-2006, Serbia and Montenegro
- State Union of Serbia and Montenegro Annual Programme 2005
- EC, CARDS Montenegro Annual Programme 2005
- EC, CARDS Montenegro Annual Programme 2004
- EC, CARDS Montenegro Annual Programme 2003
- EC, CARDS Montenegro Annual Programme 2002
- EC, CARDS Montenegro Support programme 2001
- EC, CARDS Montenegro Additional Support programme 2001
- EC, Country strategy paper 2002-2006, Serbia and Montenegro
- EC, CARDS Regulation (2000)
Additional documents and reports in relation to CARDS can be found here.
EU monitoring reports
All official Commission reports on Montenegro prepared by DG Enlargement:
- EC, Report on Montenegro's Progress in the Implementation of Reforms (22 May 2012)
- EC, Progress Report on Montenegro 2011 (12 October 2011)
- EC, Opinion on Montenegro 2010 (9 November 2010)
- EC, Analytical Report on Montenegro 2010 (9 November 2010)
- EC, Progress Report on Montenegro 2009 (14 October 2009)
- EC, Progress Report on Montenegro 2008 (5 November 2008)
- EC, Progress Report on Montenegro 2007 (6 November 2007)
- EC, Progress Report on Montenegro 2006 (8 November 2006)
- EC, Progress Report on Montenegro 2005 (9 November 2005)
Key EU strategy documents
Since 2005 Montenegro and all other candidate and potential candidate countries have been included in the European Commission's annual strategy paper on EU Enlargement.
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2011 (12 October 2011)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2010 (9 November 2010)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2009 (14 October 2009)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2008 (5 November 2008)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2007 (6 November 2007)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2006 (8 November 2006)
- EC, Enlargement Strategy Paper 2005 (9 November 2005)
Suggested webpages for further information and documents:
- The Montenegrin Ministry of European Integration provides a wide range of information and details of key political decisions taken as part of Montenegro´s EU accession process.
- Montenegro's country page on the European Commission's DG Enlargement website offers detailed information on the EC's programmes in the country.
- The official website of Montenegro's Government.
4 July 2012