Verena Ringler - Minna
Long before the French and Dutch referenda on the EU constitution in 2005, ESI had began researching public attitudes towards further enlargement in key EU member states. Since late 2004 Minna Jarvenpaa was representing ESI in Brussels, analysing implications for the Balkans of the shifting European mood. Then ESI was joined by Verena Ringler, previously a journalist at the Austrian magazine Profil and at Foreign Policy Magazine in Washington. She began research on Austria, where scepticism about enlargement was running high. In late 2005 Verena Ringler and Gerald also began to study the debate on Turkish enlargement in the Netherlands.