4 July 2005
Europe as a Democracy Promoter

ESI was invited to Constanta in Romania to contribute to the conference "Europe as a Democracy Promoter", organised by the Romanian Academic Society. This three-days-conference aimed at exploring the European Union's role in promoting democracy at its periphery. In particular it looked at the effect of EU conditionality on the democratic transformation and performance in Serbia-Montenegro and Macedonia as well as democracy promotion in wider Europe. Other issues discussed were transatlantic approaches and cooperation and their impact on democracy promotion.

The conference hosted participants from the European Commission, the National Endowment for Democracy, The German Marshall Fund of the United States, the German Foreign Ministry, Romanian Government officials, and academics as well as representatives of other European states and institutions.

ESI President Gerald Knaus spoke on the strengths and limits of EU conditionality and gave concluding remarks at the end of the conference. He stressed the importance of the concrete goal of EU membership for the quality and dynamic of transformation processes in countries preparing for membership negotiations.

About us
Photo credits
Alan Grant is an Irish photographer who travelled extensively in the Balkans and other countries and regions of the world. Thanks to him, ESI is able to show fascinating pictures of the Balkans: the facades of Tirana, the painted mosques of Travnik, the fabulous old houses of Plovdiv and the spectacular blue of water - dark in the Bay of Kotor, emerald in the river valleys of Bosnia, deep blue in Ohrid, twinkling in the Aegean Sea and on the Bosporus.

You can find out more about Alan Grant on his websites:
Jonathan Lewis lives between London and Istanbul. He moved to London and spent many years studying photography and now specialises in photojournalism, documentary photography and commercial work for a wide variety of private and commercial clients in the UK, Europe and Turkey. His work has appeared in a number of magazines and publications and is used on the ESI website as well.

You can find out more about Jonathan Lewis on his website www.jonathanlewisphoto.com