EU flags at the Croatian Parliament. Photo: flickr/Martin Deutsch
EU flags at the Croatian Parliament. Photo: flickr/Martin Deutsch

Croatia

Croatia is one of the biggest success stories of South Eastern Europe. On 9 December 2011 the country, home to 4.3 million people, signed an accession treaty with the European Union – twenty years after it fought a bloody war for independence from Yugoslavia and a decade after the death of its wartime leader Franjo Tudjman, a man of nationalist stands and dubious democratic credentials. On 1 July 2013 Croatia became the EU's 28th member.

Croatia's recent history shows that South East European states – despite a history of conflict and initially mismanaged transitions – can change dramatically in a relatively short time.

For Croatia, the change began in 2000 with the election of a pro-Western government. Within three years, a national consensus had emerged: the mainstream political parties supported EU membership and were ready to do everything to achieve it.

In order to qualify for EU membership, Croatia had to transform radically, shedding off layers of past identity, abandoning some of its most important national icons and – during the six-year-long accession negotiations – swallowing a healthy dose of bitter EU medicine. Read more …

The difference leadership makes. Lessons from Croatia's EU accession process
Croatia's EU accession
ESI Croatia film
ESI Croatia film. Photo: Nikolaus Geyrhalter Filmproduktion GmbH
Slovenia's veto
Slovenia's veto
Croatia. Photo: flickr/Ralf Heid
Croatia. Photo: flickr/Ralf Heid

People

Basic facts

Background documents

Literary walk

People Basic facts Background documents Literary walk

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