Perast. Photo: flickr/Michel Guilly
Perast. Photo: flickr/Michel Guilly

This section offers almost 150 key texts and background documents covering Montenegro's EU accession process. Important documents on the process in general can be found in ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.

Contractual Relations

The major agreements regarding Montenegro's accession process with the EU:

Key conclusions of the Council and the European Council

The European Council, which is made up of the EU's heads of state or government and is the highest decision-making body of the EU, takes key decisions regarding EU enlargement.

Following Montenegro's formal application for membership in December 2008, the Commission issued its Avis on 9 November 2010. On 17 December 2010 the European Council endorsed the decision of the General Affairs Council of 14 December 2010, to grant Montenegro official candidate status. On 29 June 2012, it endorsed the General Affairs Council’s decision to start accession talks.

Key documents prepared by the Montenegrin government

The European Commission's Opinion on Montenegro's application for EU membership was based on answers to a 368-page questionnaire handed over to the government in July 2009 by Olli Rehn, then EU Commissioner for Enlargement. On 9 December 2009, the Montenegrins delivered their answers to the 2,178 questions they had been set, which were later followed by answers to follow-up questions:

Political criteria

Economic criteria

A number of strategic documents throw light on the Montenegrin government's current efforts to move closer to EU accession (reverse chronological order):

Pre-accession funds

In the EU's 2007-2013 budget cycle, all pre-accession programmes were merged into a single mechanism, the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA). The IPA has five components. Until December 2010, Montenegro, as a potential candidate country, could only benefit from two of them – general capacity building and cross-border cooperation. However, now as a full candidate country, Montenegro is eligible for the three others: regional development, human resources development and rural development.


For multi-annual indicative financial frameworks, including information and financial data on all recipient countries, go to the respective section of ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.


Other programmes and project fiches for the Transition Assistance and Institution Building component can be accessed on the website of DG Enlargement.


Relevant decisions and additional information related to these and other programmes under the Cross-Border Co-operation component can be found here.

You can find more Montenegro-specific documents on the two IPA components here.

For the European Commission's annual reports on all EU pre-accession funds, click here.


Previously, from 2000 to 2006, EC support was channelled mainly through the Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilisation (CARDS) programme, which was an effort to streamline various programmes into one single assistance tool, designed in 2000 to support the Stabilisation and Association process. At that time Montenegro was still part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which from 2003 until 2006 became the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

Additional documents and reports in relation to CARDS can be found here.

EU monitoring reports

All official Commission reports on Montenegro prepared by DG Enlargement:

Key EU strategy documents

Since 2005 Montenegro and all other candidate and potential candidate countries have been included in the European Commission's annual strategy paper on EU Enlargement.


Suggested webpages for further information and documents:

4 July 2012

Montenegro and the EU
Balkan Express Film
ESI Montenegro reports
Montenegro picture stories
Background information
Literary walk
We thank the Montenegrin daily Vijesti for access to their photo archive.