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Into the mountains

St. Ivan's Fortress - Copyright by Alan Grant The former border checkpoint operated by Austro-Hungary - Copyright by ESI Water reservoir at the checkpoint - Copyright by ESI
St. Ivan's fortress above Kotor

Montenegro in its current form took shape only after the Balkan wars of 1912-1913. While it had expanded in the previous centuries, parts in the North belonged still to the Ottoman Empire and the Northern part of the Coast was part of Austria-Hungary.

In 1900 Balkan traveller Edith Durham worked her way up on the road from (Austro-Hungarian) Kotor to (Montenegrin) Cetinje.

"After nearly three ours of climbing we passed the last black-yellow Austrian post. The driver, a real son of the mountains, pointed to the ground and said

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