European Stability Initiative - ESI - 15 December 2019, 13:29
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Building institutions

Nebojsa Kaludjerovic, Montenegrin ambassador to the UN, in his improvised office – the bedroom of his son – in New York
Nebojsa Kaludjerovic, Montenegrin ambassador to the UN, in his
improvised office

Financial transfers between the federal and the Montenegrin budgets stopped at the end of 1998. Montenegro took control of its borders: in spring 1999 it waived visa requirements for foreign visitors and in August 1999 it began to collect customs duties. Serbia also had customs posts on the border with Montenegro. In November 1999, Montenegro introduced the German Mark as its official currency. It also created its own foreign service. In 2000 there were Montenegrin representation offices in Washington, Brussels, London, Rome Ljubljana, Sarajevo and Berlin.

Milosevic was toppled in Belgrade in October 2000. By then Montenegro had built most of the institutions of an independent state. In fact, the only federal institutions that continued to operate in Montenegro were the Yugoslav army and Yugoslav air space control.

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Post-modern Nation - Montenegro one year after independence

  1. Fault line of civilisations?
  2. Tribal reputation
  3. Facing the past
  4. The threat of civil war
  5. Cold war with Serbia (1997-2000)
  6. Fears of war
  7. Building institutions
  8. A short history of "Solania"
  9. Independence
  10. First stop: Europe's youngest capital
  11. Podgorica
  12. Near Podgorica: KAP and FDI
  13. Second stop: the North after independence
  14. Tribes and clans
  15. Wild beauty
  16. "Little Montenegro"
  17. Northern politics in 2007
  18. Third Stop: the Adriatic Coast
  19. Multiethnic Bar
  20. Catholics and Orthodox in Sutomore
  21. Kotor between East and West
  22. Montenegro's economic motor: Tourism
  23. Into the mountains
  24. Fourth stop: Cetinje
  25. Symbols of statehood
  26. The fight over orthodoxy

© European Stability Initiative - ESI 2019
15 December 2019, 13:29