Belgrade, sunset at Kalemegdan fortress. Photo: Alan Grant
Belgrade, sunset at Kalemegdan fortress. Photo: Alan Grant

This section offers close to 80 key texts and background documents covering Serbia's EU accession process. Key documents on the EU's enlargement process in general can be found in ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.


Contractual Relations

The major accession process agreements between Serbia and the EU:


Key European Council conclusions

The European Council, the highest decision making body of the EU, takes key decisions with regard to EU enlargement. In October 2010, the Council took the hitherto most important decision on the Serbia's EU accession, forwarding the country's application for membership – submitted on 22 December 2009 – to the European Commission.

  • Luxembourg European Council 3040th General Affairs meeting conclusions inviting the European Commission to prepare its opinion on Serbia´s application for EU membership (25 October 2010).


Key documents prepared by the Serbian government

Following the European Council's decision to invite the European Commission to prepare an opinion on Serbia's membership application, the Commission provided the Serbian government with a 379-page questionnaire in November 2010. After only 45 days, on 31 January 2011, Serbia sent the European Commission the answers to the total of 2,482 questions:

A number of strategic documents inform the Serbian government's current efforts to move closer to EU accession (reverse chronological order):

The Serbian Government's European Integration Office conducts public polls on a regular basis, measuring citizens' perception of the EU integration process. The latest results were published in June 2010.


Pre-accession funds

In the EU's 2007-2013 budget cycle all pre-accession programmes were merged into a single mechanism, the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA). The IPA has five components. Potential candidate countries like Serbia can only benefit from two of them – general capacity building and cross border cooperation. All five components – the others include regional, human resources and rural development – are available only to candidate countries.

EC support was previously channelled mainly through the CARDS programme, designed for the Western Balkans in 2000.


For multi-annual indicative financial frameworks, including information and financial data on all recipient countries, go to the respective section of ESI's background document library on EU enlargement.

You can find more Serbia-specific documents on the two IPA components here.


Project fiches for the Transition Assistance and Institution Building component can be accessed on the website of DG Enlargement.


For the European Commission's annual reports on all EU pre-accession funds, click here.


In 2000, various EU assistance programmes for the Western Balkans were streamlined into the Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilisation (CARDS) programme. CARDS was designed to support the Stabilisation and Association process.


EU monitoring reports

All official Commission reports on Serbia prepared by DG Enlargement:


Key EU strategy documents

Since 2005 Serbia and all other candidate / potential candidate countries have been included in the European Commission's annual strategy paper on EU Enlargement.



A few webpages for further information and documents: